Saturday, 5 March 2016

A few thoughts on the relationship between Piers Gaveston, and Isabella, Queen of England. Part 1.


Any fiction book, and even some non-fiction books, portrays the relationship between Piers Gaveston and Isabella, wife and Queen of Edward II, as one of either dislike or hatred.  There are tales of Isabella watching in horror as her husband disembarks on his arrival back in England, crashing through the surf, to embrace and kiss Piers, not caring what anyone thinks.  Isabella is then humiliated during the Coronation, where Piers holds centre stage, and then the banquet when even more humiliation is heaped on her as the arms of Edward II and Piers Gaveston adorn the hall and Edward ignores his wife, the food is burnt, Isabella’s uncles, the counts of Valois and Evreux storm out in disgust, Isabella writes to her father bemoaning the neglect her husband has for her, and that he has even given all her wedding presents to Piers, who flaunts her jewels in front of everyone.   No wonder Isabella hated Piers, right?  Except all is not quite what it seems.
Isabella never saw her husband embrace Piers as soon as he set foot back in England, her uncles, although they did complain on their return to France, did not storm out of the banquet, there are no letters written by Isabella to her father from this time and of course, the wedding gifts were Edward’s, and he could do with them what he wished – even give them to Piers for safe keeping.  The negative stories emerge from chroniclers from the time or later, and we actually don’t know how Isabella or Piers felt about each other.  So in this post, I will offer my interpretation, which are just as valid as Thomas Walsingham’s or Agnes Strickland’s.
Isabella was only 12 when she married Edward – both Edward and Piers were in their 20s and already had a life-long bond – whether as a brotherhood or lovers.  Both men had illegitimate children, both married and had legitimate children with their wives.   So even if they were lovers, they both had had relationships with women and knew society’s expectations of them – to marry and produce heirs.  What better way for Edward to show his affection to Piers and bring him into the royal family by marring him to his niece, Margaret de Clare.  Edward himself showed no reluctance to marry Isabella.  But as she was only 12, what interest could she have held for him?   She was still a child, and far too young to share the royal bed.  Surely Isabella herself did not expect to share her husband’s bed at such a tender age?  And her father, King Philip, would surely never allow it.  At 12, her body was too young to bear a child, and she may not even have started her periods.  There must surely have been some agreement to wait.  Philip must also have been aware of Piers Gaveston.  He would have known about the exile of the favourite by Edward 1st, and the indecent haste in which Edward II recalled him after his father’s death.   While he may not have cared about any sexual relationship between Edward and Piers, hoping it would be discreet, he would have wanted to know how the relationship affected the court.   Would he send his daughter totally unprepared to England without any inkling of who Piers Gaveston was?  I doubt it.  Sending her uncles to support her, Isabella may even have been advised to try to please Gaveston, or to try to get along with him.  There is no way she could have insisted as a 12 year old that her husband banish his friend. 
Of course, Edward’s actions at the Coronation and the banquet were insensitive to his wife and no doubt offensive to the English nobility.  It’s my opinion that Edward saw his Coronation as almost his and Piers – he certainly didn’t want to share the limelight with a 12 year old girl, and he wanted to send a message to his nobles – Piers might have been exiled by his father, but now he was exalted above all.  Married into the royal family, allowed to wear purple (a royal colour), and taking a lead role in the Coronation, Edward couldn’t have made his thoughts clearer.  Displaying the Royal arms and Gaveston’s at the banquet, and making such a public display of his affection for Piers in front of everyone, Edward was setting the tone for his reign.  No doubt he was thoughtless and tactless towards his wife – but this was more about sending a message to his nobles.  Isabella had had her introduction to life at the English court and Piers Gaveston – no doubt she felt humiliated, but she knew she would find a way to live with Edward – and Piers.


I hope to write a follow-up to this post soon - how the relationship developed, and what did Piers think of Isabella.

8 comments:

Kathryn Warner said...

Great post! I love the idea that Isabella's family might have advised her to try to get along with Piers, as he was such an important figure at court. The alleged letter she wrote to her father in 1308 complaining about Piers was invented by the chronicler Thomas Walsingham the best part of a century later. It's absurd that any writer cites it as though it's definitely true and as though the letter still exists. But of course there are writers who want to portray a certain image of Isabella and Edward!

Anerje said...

Thanks Kathryn. I just can't believe a 12 year old Isabella making demands on her much older husband. Nor any young royal bride. She surely would have been advised to see how things were at court. If she were much older, and ready for her role as wife and Queen, things may have been different. We can definitely forget the beautiful, young woman sobbing because her husband shuns her for another man!

Kasia Ogrodnik said...

Your interpretation, Anerje, makes perfect sense to me - especially the mute message Edward was sending to the nobles of his realm... Isabella indeed was too young at the time to be counted with, perhaps she was still too naive to take Edward's actions much to heart...

Anerje said...

Thanks Kasia. I'm sure Edward was sending a message to his nobles - and just didn't think of the 'insult' to Isabella.

Gabriele Campbell said...

Indeed, the show at the wedding may have offended her sense of hounour, but I suppose Isabella was glad that Edward didn't consumate the marriage right away and got her with child at the age of 12. It doesn't seem that Piers was an obstacle to her relationship with Edward the way Hugh Despenser would be, or the marriage would never have worked the way it obviously did for many years (Edward running out of a tent he shared with Isa stark naked and such).

Anerje said...

Hi Gabriele- I'm sure Philip, her father, would never have allowed Isa and Edward to consummate the marriage at 12 - it would be too much of a risk.

Unknown said...

Great article. I wanted to point out that in the early 14th century, some royal marriages were consummated at the age of 12 although Edward's and Isabella's might not have been. Edward's own mother gave birth at the age of about 13.

Lydia Starbuck said...

Really interesting article, the relationship was certainly complex but as others have said it makes perfect sense for Isabella to try and get along with both Edward and Piers.